Federation is the technology, policies, standards, and processes that allow an agency to accept digital identities, attributes, and credentials managed by other agencies.
Federation has many different applications, including:
- Accepting an authentication transaction from another organization:
Agency A authenticates one of its users and passes identity attributes and transaction details to Agency B. Agency B grants access to an application for that identity.
- Accepting specific characteristics (i.e., attributes such as identifiers) describing an individual from another organization:
An individual can use their agency-issued credential containing an internal identifier(s) to directly log in to a different agency’s online service. The online service registers the identifier(s) in their system for future use.
The Federation services in the FICAM architecture include Policy Alignment, Authentication Broker, and Attribute Exchange.
Develop relationships and a common understanding between parties by establishing authorities, policies, standards, and principles.
Keyword: Trust Relationship
Transform an authentication event into an alternative format, such as an assertion, containing claims about the entity and the authentication transaction, to grant access to a resource.
Keywords: Assertion Service, Federation Assertion, Security Token Service
Discover and acquire identity or other attributes between different systems to promote access decisions and interoperability.
Keyword: Attribute Definition